Some Political and Legal Aspects of the Peace Treaty between Russia and Lithuania from 12th of July 1920

Authors

  • Jarosław Wołkonowski University of Bialystok (Uniwersytet w Białymstoku)

Keywords:

Polish-Bolshevik war 1920, secret attachments to the Lithuanian-Bolshevik peace treaty from July 12, 1920, neutrality of Lithuania, ratification

Abstract

The paper analyzes selected political and legal issues of the peace treaty between Lithuania and Bolshevik Russia from 12 July 1920. The treaty had its secret part, which consisted of a few attachments, signed by the representatives of both parties. The most important protocol concerned the neutrality of Lithuania during the Polish – Bolshevik war. Lithuania gave permission for the Bolsheviks to use Lithuanian territory for strategic war purposes of the Red Army against Poland. None of these attachments were presented for ratification by the Lithuanian parliament. Speeches presented by Lithuanian MPs indicate that none of them knew about the secret attachments. The Prime Minister and Foreign Minister did not inform MPs of their existence. The treaty was ratified on August 6, 1920. During the debate MPs of the Lithuanian parliament unambiguously supported Bolshevik Russia in its fight against the Polish army. They wrongfully understood the intentions of the Bolsheviks.

References

LCVA, F. 383 Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych, Ap. 7 Działalność departamentu politycznego, B. 76 Dokumenty o stosunkach Litwa–Rosja.

LCVA, F. 383 Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych, Ap. 7 Działalność departamentu politycznego, B. 77 Dokumenty o negocjacjach Litwa–Rosja na temat umowy pokojowej.

Łossowski P., Konflikt polsko-litewski 1918–1920, Warszawa 1996.

Stenogram 36 posiedzenia Sejmu Ustawodawczego Litwy w dniu 6 sierpnia 1920 roku, http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/interarchyvas/dokpaieskaarch.showdocl?pid=113702&pquery=Lietuvos%20i%20Rusijos%20taikos%20sutartis&ptr2=2 (dostęp: 03.01.2015).

Tekst pokojowej umowy między Republiką Demokratyczną Litwy a Rosyjską Federacyjną Socjalistyczną Radziecką Republiką z dnia 12 lipca 1920 roku, http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/interarchyvas/dokpaieskaarch.showdocl?pid=112582&pquery=taikos%20sutartis&ptr2=2 (dostęp: 03.01.2015).

Published

2016-04-15

How to Cite

Wołkonowski, J. (2016). Some Political and Legal Aspects of the Peace Treaty between Russia and Lithuania from 12th of July 1920. Miscellanea Historico-Iuridica, 14(2), 327–338. Retrieved from http://miscellanea.uwb.edu.pl/article/view/160